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[Anseong] Jukjusanseong Fortress


Jukjusanseong Fortress, located in Bibongsan Mountain, Maesan-ri, Juksan-myeon, Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, is the Goryeo Dynasty's fortress that was selected as 69th Gyeonggi-do monument in 1973. It is made up of soil and stone, and it has circumference of 1,688m and height of 2.5m. Nowadays, only its stonework is left. It is known that it was first constructed during the unified Silla Dynasty, and it was greatly fortified during the Goryeo Dynasty. Jukju is an old name of Juksan Mountain. On top of Juksan Mountain, there is Jukjusanseong Fortress. This fortress originally had circumference of 270m during the Silla Dynasty, but during the Goryeo Dynasty, 1.5km of outside fortress was added. Also, there is 1.7km of main fortress. It is solid fortress with three layers, and its preserved condition is still relatively good. In the latter part of the Silla Dynasty (during Queen Jinseong), Kyeonhweon encamped here and trained his soldiers. During the Goryeo Dynasty, the King 23rd year (1236), Mongolian forces attacked Jukjusanseong Fortress fiercely, but they failed. At the time, Banghobyeolgam, Song Munju, who protected the fortress with the people who fled in, was known as 'Ghost,' or 'Sinmyeong'. Moreover, during the Joseon Dynasty, this fortress was once more fortified due to its importance as a strategic point. During the Manchu war, it was encamped as well. Jukjusanseong Fortress has overlapped structure with indoor/outdoor/main fortresses. The outdoor fortress is the only one with its original rampart remaining, but the indoor and main fortresses are greatly damaged. As a result, it is hard to estimate its construction period. The current circumference of the fortress is 1688m and height is about 2.5m, and it was partially repaired. At the northern end of southern and eastern ramparts, there is protruded low wall remaining, and outside of southern gate's rampart, there is trace of gutter as well. Also, beside the northern gate, there remain foundation stones and fragments of roof tile. Inside the fortress, there is a shrine to praise General Song Munju, who made great achievement during the Mongolian invasion.

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